Zika Rash - Pictures, Treatment, Symptoms, Causes, Prevention

Zika Rash

Zika virus is a virus belonging to the family of Flavivirus, which causes mild illness in the human body. This term ‘Zika’ bears its origin to the Zika Forest in Uganda, where the virus was first discovered. It was known to be confined to Africa till 2007, when a case was reported outside Africa. This illness is characterized by fever, muscle and joint pain, conjunctivitis and rashes. Other uncommon symptoms include malaise, nausea and abdominal pain. The symptoms do not continue for more than a week and the illness is mild enough to require hospitalization.

However, Zika  Virus has been notorious for complicating health in the form of other illnesses like Guillain-Barré syndrome and Microcephaly. In GBS, a person’s immune system attacks the cells of the nervous system. Microcephaly causes birth defects in children, which includes under-sized craniums and other developmental issues. Since the detection of the first case of Zika Virus in Brazil in 2015, the numbers have increased in parts of Latin America and French Polynesia. Countries like El Salvador has even gone to the extent of urging women not to get pregnant till 2015, to avoid Microcephaly in children.

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Zika Rash – What does it look like?

The rashes associated with this kind of illness are of maculopapular type. Such rashes are flat otherwise with small bumps at places. They are erythematous, red in colour. Maculopapular is a word combining two words; macule and papule. Macule refers to small spots which are flat and discolored present on the surface of the skin.  Papules are small slightly raised erythematous red spots. Maculopapular describes the kind of rashes which combine both the features.

Such spots may be either morbiliform or scarlatiniform in nature. Morbiliform are the ones which are similar to that of rash of measles. These macular lesions are around 2-10 mm in diameter and red in colour. They may be confluent (appearing together) at places, making the rash appear larger.

The scarlatiniform rash, as the name suggests, are similar to the rashes appearing in scarlet fever. These are small red rashes, numerous and having diffuse distribution. This name is not characteristic to scarlet fever and should not be confused.

The rashes occurring in Zika Fever are known to start with the face, which later spreads to the rest of the body. The rash appears on face on the first day of the appearance of symptoms. The rashes get their peak at the second or third day and start disappearing then after.

Zika Rash does not need any specific treatment and subside within a few days by themselves. They do not leave away any scar or spots and the skin returns to its normal structure after the rashes subside.

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Zika Virus  – Prevention

The WHO (World Health Organization) has declared ‘Zika’ as a global emergency  with 23  countries reporting cases of infection.  Read about Zika affected countries.  There are increasing numbers of cases that are being reported in many more nations.  WHO reports that 4 million people in the world may be infected by the end of 2015, if the situation is not brought into control. The main reason for this spread is the increased international traveling. Pregnant women are the biggest risk factor with the threat of Microcephaly. So far, there are no medications or vaccines known to be effective against this virus.

The only way to prevent the disease is to prevent mosquito bites. This can be done by using proper insect repellents and wearing long- sleeve clothes and keeping yourself covered. Also you can minimize the multiplication of mosquito in your area by preventing stagnation of water in every possible manner.

Zika Rash – Pictures

Here is how the rash triggered by Zika Virus looks like.

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Comments (10)

  1. Carla meadows

    I was first hospitalized Thanksgiving to December 4 with hemolytic anemia, pneumonia and a rash similar to this on my legs. They could not identify the rash. About two weeks ago I was in the ER 2 times for severe asthma and a severe rash on both legs which is similar to the pictures that are associated with the Zika virus. You may contact me at 334-723-5457.
    The same week I went to my pulmonologist and he wanted me to see a dermatologist but the dermatologist said I was on so many steroids that I would have to come back after everything was out of my system. Since that time I have been on an Antibiotic which I have completed.
    We have lots of rain and puddled water all around us. I have seen a strange looking bug, flying insect, at my back door one day and took a picture of it because I had never saying something that look like that. I have not compare that with the Zika
    I had received a voicemail from my sister saying that my legs look like the pictures associated with this virus but I just found the voicemail that she left and that’s why I’m sending this message to you now.Thank you

    • Elizabeth plymel

      What did you find out was it zika cause I see you have alabama area code. That’s where I live

  2. Amy Thomas

    I have Zika now. Have had the rash for 3 days now and extreme swelling in hands and ankles. The joint pain is unbearable the rash itches but the swelling of my hands and ankles is the worst.

  3. Kris

    my encounter with zika isnt the same as this article describes it…i first had all the symptoms except the rash 3 days ago…after a day i only had orbital pain, little joint pain and a slight fever…i first encountered the rashes last night and it has now spread to my face.

  4. Ian

    I think I have the same thing. How long did it take to get over the whole thing.

  5. Lil

    I came back from Nicaragua last week Friday, since I got back I felt so tired, i’ve traveled to Asia before with 16 hour flight time plus lay over, but never felt this tired. Yesterday I noticed rash on my face, then this morning I woke up with swollen hands and rash all over my body, my feet also hurts. Although I haven’t been feeling well, i’ve been going to work, i did an Eve shift yesterday, supposed to work as well this weekend, I think I will be calling in sick this time.

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